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Fix ‘Big Society gap’ warns first audit
This evidence-based assessment allows us all to judge whether a genuine transfer of power from government to civil society is occurring, or just responsibilities and the consequent blame.
Stephen Pittam, trust secretary, Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust
The Government’s Big Society initiative must target poorer communities and young and ethnic minority people, working in genuine partnership with the voluntary sector, if it is to succeed.
So finds the first ever independent audit of David Cameron’s flagship programme, published almost two years to the day since the Coalition Government was formed.
The Audit finds a ‘Big Society gap’ between different groups against key indicators. For example:
- Deprived versus affluent communities: 51% of people in the most deprived areas say their neighbourhood pulls together to improve it, compared to 78% in the most affluent;
- Younger and older people: 55% of 16-24 year olds say that people in their neighbourhood pull together, compared to 73% of people over 65; Volunteers are more likely to be middle aged and middle class;
- White and ethnic minority people: 52% of white people say that many people in their neighbourhood can be trusted, against 27% from ethnic minority backgrounds.
Government failure to get ‘buy in’ from others to the Big Society is a major potential obstacle to bridging that gap, the Audit finds. It says the government needs to work more closely with the voluntary sector, providing the right support, especially in deprived areas which are being particularly hit by government cuts.
Far from being strengthened in the first two years of the Big Society, the voluntary sector is facing £3.3bn of cuts in public funding up to 2016. Voluntary organisations working with disadvantaged groups in deprived areas are more likely to depend on statutory funding but local authorities with the highest levels of deprivation in England suffered the deepest cuts in spending in 2011-2012.
Despite various government initiatives to stimulate new funding for the sector, the audit concludes that extra funds from donations are unlikely to fill this funding hole, with levels of giving to charities by individuals already high. The announcement of a cap on tax relief for giving appears to be a backward step.
The audit found that small, local voluntary and community organisations find it hard to gain government contracts, as tendering practices seem to have an implicit bias toward larger organisations, mainly in the private sector. For example, requirements in the Work Programme, described as a flagship Big Society programme, seemed to favour the private sector, which won 90 per cent of prime contracts in 2011.
Principal author and Director of Civil Exchange Caroline Slocock said: ‘The audit found a genuine interest in getting involved in local issues and in supporting charities but also a ‘Big Society gap’ between younger and older people and deprived and affluent communities.
‘The government needs to engage with the voluntary sector as a key partner if it is to bridge this gap. That means forging common goals, ensuring the sector has the right support and giving fair access to government contracts. It is ironic that a programme to engage communities is being driven from Whitehall.’
The audit was produced by think tank Civil Exchange, with research and communications support from Democratic Audit and DHA, and backed by the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation UK.
Stephen Pittam, trust secretary of the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, said: ‘This evidence-based assessment allows us all to judge whether a genuine transfer of power from government to civil society is occurring, or just responsibilities and the consequent blame.’
Other audit findings include:
- Over half of people think that change can happen by getting involved locally, compared to just 30 per cent nationally;
- Membership of the three main nature charities is five million, compared to only half a million people who are members of the three main political parties;
- 40 per cent of the population almost never trust British governments to place the needs of the nation above their own party but 75 per cent of people think most charities are trustworthy;
- The UK already has one of the most developed and largest public service industries in the world and public trust in the NHS and education is high;
- 60% of people donated to charity in the last month, second in the world, but the UK was twenty-first out of 110 countries in its levels of volunteering.
The Big Society Audit is designed to set a baseline for future change, capturing initiatives underway for some time under successive governments– and picked up by the Big Society – on the goals of community empowerment, opening up public services and social action. It uses a range of indicators and draws on over forty data sources to show the extent to which these goals are being met.
The report recommends that:
- The government should develop and deliver clear Big Society goals with key partners, including the voluntary and community sector, for example, around poverty reduction and ensuring equal life chances.
- Opportunities to deliver public services should avoid bias toward the private sector and ensure fair access to the voluntary sector.
- Central and local government should increase their understanding of how the voluntary and community sector works, including through interchange of staff, training and more joint initiatives.